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📚 2022 Top Routinely Exploited Vulnerabilities


💡 Newskategorie: Sicherheitslücken
🔗 Quelle: cisa.gov

SUMMARY

The following cybersecurity agencies coauthored this joint Cybersecurity Advisory (CSA):

  • United States: The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), National Security Agency (NSA), and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • Australia: Australian Signals Directorate’s Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC)
  • Canada: Canadian Centre for Cyber Security (CCCS)
  • New Zealand: New Zealand National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC-NZ) and Computer Emergency Response Team New Zealand (CERT NZ)
  • United Kingdom: National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC-UK)

This advisory provides details on the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVEs) routinely and frequently exploited by malicious cyber actors in 2022 and the associated Common Weakness Enumeration(s) (CWE). In 2022, malicious cyber actors exploited older software vulnerabilities more frequently than recently disclosed vulnerabilities and targeted unpatched, internet-facing systems.

The authoring agencies strongly encourage vendors, designers, developers, and end-user organizations to implement the recommendations found within the Mitigations section of this advisory—including the following—to reduce the risk of compromise by malicious cyber actors.

  • Vendors, designers, and developers: Implement secure-by-design and -default principles and tactics to reduce the prevalence of vulnerabilities in your software.
    • Follow the Secure Software Development Framework (SSDF), also known as SP 800-218, and implement secure design practices into each stage of the software development life cycle (SDLC). As part of this, establish a coordinated vulnerability disclosure program that includes processes to determine root causes of discovered vulnerabilities.
    • Prioritize secure-by-default configurations, such as eliminating default passwords, or requiring addition configuration changes to enhance product security.
    • Ensure that published CVEs include the proper CWE field identifying the root cause of the vulnerability.
  • End-user organizations:
    • Apply timely patches to systems. Note: First check for signs of compromise if CVEs identified in this CSA have not been patched.
    • Implement a centralized patch management system.
    • Use security tools, such as endpoint detection and response (EDR), web application firewalls, and network protocol analyzers.
    • Ask your software providers to discuss their secure by design program and to provide links to information about how they are working to remove classes of vulnerabilities and to set secure default settings.

Download the PDF version of this report:

AA23-215A PDF (PDF, 980.90 KB )

TECHNICAL DETAILS

Key Findings

In 2022, malicious cyber actors exploited older software vulnerabilities more frequently than recently disclosed vulnerabilities and targeted unpatched, internet-facing systems. Proof of concept (PoC) code was publicly available for many of the software vulnerabilities or vulnerability chains, likely facilitating exploitation by a broader range of malicious cyber actors.

Malicious cyber actors generally have the most success exploiting known vulnerabilities within the first two years of public disclosure—the value of such vulnerabilities gradually decreases as software is patched or upgraded. Timely patching reduces the effectiveness of known, exploitable vulnerabilities, possibly decreasing the pace of malicious cyber actor operations and forcing pursuit of more costly and time-consuming methods (such as developing zero-day exploits or conducting software supply chain operations).

Malicious cyber actors likely prioritize developing exploits for severe and globally prevalent CVEs. While sophisticated actors also develop tools to exploit other vulnerabilities, developing exploits for critical, wide-spread, and publicly known vulnerabilities gives actors low-cost, high-impact tools they can use for several years. Additionally, cyber actors likely give higher priority to vulnerabilities that are more prevalent in their specific targets’ networks. Multiple CVE or CVE chains require the actor to send a malicious web request to the vulnerable device, which often includes unique signatures that can be detected through deep packet inspection.

Top Routinely Exploited Vulnerabilities

Table 1 shows the top 12 vulnerabilities the co-authors observed malicious cyber actors routinely exploiting in 2022:

  • CVE-2018-13379. This vulnerability, affecting Fortinet SSL VPNs, was also routinely exploited in 2020 and 2021. The continued exploitation indicates that many organizations failed to patch software in a timely manner and remain vulnerable to malicious cyber actors.
  • CVE-2021-34473, CVE-2021-31207, CVE-2021-34523. These vulnerabilities, known as ProxyShell, affect Microsoft Exchange email servers. In combination, successful exploitation enables a remote actor to execute arbitrary code. These vulnerabilities reside within the Microsoft Client Access Service (CAS), which typically runs on port 443 in Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) (e.g., Microsoft’s web server). CAS is commonly exposed to the internet to enable users to access their email via mobile devices and web browsers.
  • CVE-2021-40539. This vulnerability enables unauthenticated remote code execution (RCE) in Zoho ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus and was linked to the usage of an outdated third-party dependency. Initial exploitation of this vulnerability began in late 2021 and continued throughout 2022.
  • CVE-2021-26084. This vulnerability, affecting Atlassian Confluence Server and Data Center (a web-based collaboration tool used by governments and private companies) could enable an unauthenticated cyber actor to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable systems. This vulnerability quickly became one of the most routinely exploited vulnerabilities after a PoC was released within a week of its disclosure. Attempted mass exploitation of this vulnerability was observed in September 2021.
  • CVE-2021- 44228. This vulnerability, known as Log4Shell, affects Apache’s Log4j library, an open-source logging framework incorporated into thousands of products worldwide. An actor can exploit this vulnerability by submitting a specially crafted request to a vulnerable system, causing the execution of arbitrary code. The request allows a cyber actor to take full control of a system. The actor can then steal information, launch ransomware, or conduct other malicious activity.[1] Malicious cyber actors began exploiting the vulnerability after it was publicly disclosed in December 2021, and continued to show high interest in CVE-2021- 44228 through the first half of 2022.
  • CVE-2022-22954, CVE-2022-22960. These vulnerabilities allow RCE, privilege escalation, and authentication bypass in VMware Workspace ONE Access, Identity Manager, and other VMware products. A malicious cyber actor with network access could trigger a server-side template injection that may result in remote code execution. Exploitation of CVE-2022-22954 and CVE-2022-22960 began in early 2022 and attempts continued throughout the remainder of the year.
  • CVE-2022-1388. This vulnerability allows unauthenticated malicious cyber actors to bypass iControl REST authentication on F5 BIG-IP application delivery and security software.
  • CVE-2022-30190. This vulnerability impacts the Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool (MSDT) in Windows. A remote, unauthenticated cyber actor could exploit this vulnerability to take control of an affected system.
  • CVE-2022-26134. This critical RCE vulnerability affects Atlassian Confluence and Data Center. The vulnerability, which was likely initially exploited as a zero-day before public disclosure in June 2022, is related to an older Confluence vulnerability (CVE-2021-26084), which cyber actors also exploited in 2022.
Table 1: Top 12 Routinely Exploited Vulnerabilities in 2022

CVE

Vendor

Product

Type

CWE

CVE-2018-13379

Fortinet

FortiOS and FortiProxy

SSL VPN credential exposure

CWE-22 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2021-34473

(Proxy Shell)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

RCE

CWE-918 Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)

CVE-2021-31207

(Proxy Shell)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

Security Feature Bypass

CWE-22 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2021-34523

(Proxy Shell)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

Elevation of Privilege

CWE-287 Improper Authentication

CVE-2021-40539

Zoho ManageEngine

ADSelfService Plus

RCE/

Authentication Bypass

CWE-287 Improper Authentication

CVE-2021-26084

Atlassian

Confluence Server and Data Center

Arbitrary code execution

CWE-74 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')

CVE-2021- 44228

(Log4Shell)

Apache

Log4j2

RCE

CWE-917 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an Expression Language Statement ('Expression Language Injection')

 

CWE-20 Improper Input Validation

 

CWE-400 Uncontrolled Resource Consumption

 

CWE-502 Deserialization of Untrusted Data

CVE-2022-22954

VMware

Workspace ONE Access and Identity Manager

RCE

CWE-94 Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')

CVE-2022-22960

VMware

Workspace ONE Access, Identity Manager, and vRealize Automation

Improper Privilege Management

CWE-269 Improper Privilege Management

CVE-2022-1388

F5 Networks

BIG-IP

Missing Authentication Vulnerability

CWE-306 Missing Authentication for Critical Function

CVE-2022-30190

Microsoft

Multiple Products

RCE

None Listed

CVE-2022-26134

Atlassian

Confluence Server and Data Center

RCE

CWE-74 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')

Additional Routinely Exploited Vulnerabilities

In addition to the 12 vulnerabilities listed in Table 1, the authoring agencies identified vulnerabilities—listed in Table 2—that were also routinely exploited by malicious cyber actors in 2022.

Table 2: Additional Routinely Exploited Vulnerabilities in 2022

CVE

Vendor

Product

Type

CWE

CVE-2017-0199

Microsoft

Multiple Products

Arbitrary Code Execution

None Listed

CVE-2017-11882

Microsoft

Exchange Server

Arbitrary Code Execution

CWE-119: Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer

CVE-2019-11510

Ivanti

Pulse Secure Pulse Connect Secure

Arbitrary File Reading

CWE-22: Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2019-0708

Microsoft

Remote Desktop Services

RCE

CWE-416: Use After Free

CVE-2019-19781

Citrix

Application Delivery Controller and Gateway

Arbitrary Code Execution

CWE-22: Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2020-5902

F5 Networks

BIG-IP

RCE

CWE-22: Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2020-1472

Microsoft

Multiple Products

Privilege Escalation

CWE-330: Use of Insufficiently Random Values

CVE-2020-14882

Oracle

WebLogic Server

RCE

None Listed

CVE-2020-14883

Oracle

WebLogic Server

RCE

None Listed

CVE-2021-20016

SonicWALL

SSLVPN SMA100

SQL Injection

CWE-89: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection')

CVE-2021-26855

(ProxyLogon)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

RCE

CWE-918: Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)

CVE-2021-27065

(ProxyLogon)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

RCE

CWE-22: Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2021-26858

(ProxyLogon)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

RCE

None Listed

CVE-2021-26857

(ProxyLogon)

Microsoft

Exchange Server

RCE

CWE-502: Deserialization of Untrusted Data

CVE-2021-20021

SonicWALL

Email Security

Privilege Escalation Exploit Chain

CWE-269: Improper Privilege Management

CVE-2021-40438

Apache

HTTP Server

Server-Side Request Forgery

CWE-918: Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)

CVE-2021-41773

Apache

HTTP Server

Server Path Traversal

 CWE-22: Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2021-42013

Apache

HTTP Server

Server Path Traversal

 CWE-22: Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

CVE-2021-20038

SonicWall

SMA 100 Series Appliances

Stack-based Buffer Overflow

CWE-787: Out-of-bounds Write

CWE-121: Stack-based Buffer Overflow

CVE-2021-45046

Apache

Log4j

RCE

CWE-917: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an Expression Language Statement ('Expression Language Injection')

CVE-2022-42475

Fortinet

FortiOS

Heap-based Buffer Overflow

CWE-787: Out-of-bounds Write

CVE-2022-24682

Zimbra

Collaboration Suite

‘Cross-site Scripting’

CWE-79: Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')

CVE-2022-22536

SAP

Internet Communication Manager (ICM)

HTTP Request Smuggling

CWE-444: Inconsistent Interpretation of HTTP Requests ('HTTP Request/Response Smuggling')

CVE-2022-22963

VMware Tanzu

Spring Cloud

RCE

CWE-94: Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')

CWE-917: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an Expression Language Statement ('Expression Language Injection')

CVE-2022-29464

WSO2

Multiple Products

RCE

CWE-434: Unrestricted Upload of File with Dangerous Type

CVE-2022-27924

Zimbra

Zimbra Collaboration Suite

Command Injection

CWE-74: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')

CVE-2022-22047

Microsoft

Windows CSRSS

Elevation of Privilege

CWE-269: Improper Privilege Management

CVE-2022-27593

QNAP

QNAP NAS

Externally Controlled Reference

CWE-610: Externally Controlled Reference to a Resource in Another Sphere

CVE-2022-41082

Microsoft

Exchange Server

Privilege Escalation

None Listed

CVE-2022-40684

Fortinet

FortiOS, FortiProxy, FortiSwitchManager

Authentication Bypass

CWE-306: Missing Authentication for Critical Function

MITIGATIONS

Vendors and Developers

The authoring agencies recommend vendors and developers take the following steps to ensure their products are secure by design and default:

  • Identify repeatedly exploited classes of vulnerability. Perform an analysis of both CVEs and known exploited vulnerabilities to understand which classes of vulnerability are identified more than others. Implement appropriate mitigations to eliminate those classes of vulnerability. For example, if a product has several instances of SQL injection vulnerabilities, ensure all database queries in the product use parameterized queries, and prohibit other forms of queries.
  • Ensure business leaders are responsible for security. Business leaders should ensure that proactive steps to eliminate entire classes of security vulnerabilities, rather than only making one-off patches when new vulnerabilities are discovered.
  • Follow the SSDF (SP 800-218) and implement secure design practices into each stage of the SDLC. Pay attention to:
    • Prioritizing the use of memory safe languages wherever possible [SSDF PW 6.1].
    • Exercising due diligence when selecting software components (e.g., software libraries, modules, middleware, frameworks) to ensure robust security in consumer software products [SSDF PW 4.1].
    • Setting up secure development team practices; this includes conducting peer code reviews, working to a common organization secure coding standard, and maintaining awareness of language specific security concerns [SSDF PW.5.1, PW.7.1, PW.7.2].
    • Establishing a vulnerability disclosure program to verify and resolve security vulnerabilities disclosed by people who may be internal or external to the organization [SSDF RV.1.3]. As part of this, establish processes to determine root causes of discovered vulnerabilities.
    • Using static and dynamic application security testing (SAST/DAST) tools to analyze product source code and application behavior to detect error-prone practices [SSDF PW.7.2, PW.8.2].
    • Configuring production-ready products to have to most secure settings as default and providing guidance on the risks of changing each setting [SSDF PW.9.1, PW9.2]
  • Prioritize secure-by-default configurations such as eliminating default passwords, implementing single sign on (SSO) technology via modern open standards, and providing high-quality audit logs to customers with no additional configuration and at no extra charge.
  • Ensure published CVEs include the proper CWE field identifying the root cause of the vulnerability to enable industry-wide analysis of software security and design flaws.

For more information on designing secure-by-design and -default products, including additional recommended secure-by-default configurations, see joint guide Shifting the Balance of Cybersecurity Risk: Principles and Approaches for Security-by-Design and -Default.

End-User Organizations

The authoring agencies recommend end-user organizations implement the mitigations below to improve cybersecurity posture on the basis of the threat actors’ activity. These mitigations align with the cross-sector Cybersecurity Performance Goals (CPGs) developed by CISA and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The CPGs provide a minimum set of practices and protections that CISA and NIST recommend all organizations implement. CISA and NIST based the CPGs on existing cybersecurity frameworks and guidance to protect against the most common and impactful threats, tactics, techniques, and procedures. Visit CISA’s Cross-Sector Cybersecurity Performance Goals for more information on CPGs, including additional recommended baseline protections.

Vulnerability and Configuration Management

  • Update software, operating systems, applications, and firmware on IT network assets in a timely manner [CPG 1.E]. Prioritize patching known exploited vulnerabilities, especially those CVEs identified in this CSA, then critical and high vulnerabilities that allow for remote code execution or denial-of-service on internet-facing equipment. For patch information on CVEs identified in this CSA, refer to the appendix.
    • If a patch for a known exploited or critical vulnerability cannot be quickly applied, implement vendor-approved workarounds.
    • Replace end-of-life software (i.e., software no longer supported by the vendor).
  • Routinely perform automated asset discovery across the entire estate to identify and catalogue all the systems, services, hardware and software.
  • Implement a robust patch management process and centralized patch management system that establishes prioritization of patch applications [CPG 1.A].
  • Document secure baseline configurations for all IT/OT components, including cloud infrastructure. Monitor, examine, and document any deviations from the initial secure baseline [CPG 2.O].
  • Perform regular secure system backups and create known good copies of all device configurations for repairs and/or restoration. Store copies off-network in physically secure locations and test regularly [CPG 2.R].
  • Maintain an updated cybersecurity incident response plan that is tested at least annually and updated within a risk informed time frame to ensure its effectiveness [CPG 2.S].

Identity and Access Management

  • Enforce phishing-resistant multifactor authentication (MFA) for all users, without exception. [CPG 2.H].
  • Enforce MFA on all VPN connections. If MFA is unavailable, require employees engaging in remote work to use strong passwords [CPG 2.A, 2.B, 2.C, 2.D, 2.G].
  • Regularly review, validate, or remove privileged accounts (annually at a minimum) [CPG 2.D, 2.E].
  • Configure access control under the principle of least privilege [CPG 2.Q].

Protective Controls and Architecture

  • Properly configure and secure internet-facing network devices, disable unused or unnecessary network ports and protocols, encrypt network traffic, and disable unused network services and devices [CPG 2.V, 2.W, 2X].
    • Harden commonly exploited enterprise network services, including Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution (LLMNR) protocol, Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP), Common Internet File System (CIFS), Active Directory, and OpenLDAP.
    • Manage Windows Key Distribution Center (KDC) accounts (e.g., KRBTGT) to minimize Golden Ticket attacks and Kerberoasting.
    • Strictly control the use of native scripting applications, such as command-line, PowerShell, WinRM, Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI), and Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM).
  • Implement Zero Trust Network Architecture (ZTNA) to limit or block lateral movement by controlling access to applications, devices, and databases. Use private virtual local area networks [CPG 2.F, 2.X]. Note: See the Department of Defense’s Zero Trust Reference Architecture for additional information on Zero Trust.
  • Continuously monitor the attack surface and investigate abnormal activity that may indicate cyber actor or malware lateral movement [CPG 2.T].
    • Use security tools, such as endpoint detection and response (EDR) and security information and event management (SIEM) tools. Consider using an information technology asset management (ITAM) solution to ensure EDR, SIEM, vulnerability scanner, and other similar tools are reporting the same number of assets [CPG 2.T, 2.V].
    • Use web application firewalls to monitor and filter web traffic. These tools are commercially available via hardware, software, and cloud-based solutions, and may detect and mitigate exploitation attempts where a cyber actor sends a malicious web request to an unpatched device [CPG 2.B, 2.F].
    • Implement an administrative policy and/or automated process configured to monitor unwanted hardware, software, or programs against an allowlist with specified approved versions [CPG 2.Q].
    • Use a network protocol analyzer to examine captured data, including packet-level data.

Supply Chain Security

  • Reduce third-party applications and unique system/application builds—provide exceptions only if required to support business critical functions [CPG 2.Q].
  • Ensure contracts require vendors and/or third-party service providers to:
    • Provide notification of security incidents and vulnerabilities within a risk informed time frame [CPG 1.G, 1.H, 1.I].
    • Supply a Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) with all products to enhance vulnerability monitoring and to help reduce time to respond to identified vulnerabilities [CPG 4.B].
  • Ask your software providers to discuss their secure by design program and to provide links to information about how they are working to remove classes of vulnerabilities, and to set secure default settings.

RESOURCES

DISCLAIMER

The information in this report is being provided “as is” for informational purposes only. CISA, FBI, NSA, ACSC, CCCS, NCSC-NZ, CERT NZ, and NCSC-UK do not endorse any commercial product or service, including any subjects of analysis. Any reference to specific commercial products, processes, or services by service mark, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring.

PURPOSE

This document was developed by CISA, NSA, FBI, ACSC, CCCS, NCSC-NZ, CERT NZ, and NCSC-UK in furtherance of their respective cybersecurity missions, including their responsibilities to develop and issue cybersecurity specifications and mitigations.

REFERENCES

[1] Apache Log4j Vulnerability Guidance

VERSION HISTORY

August 3, 2023: Initial version.

APPENDIX: PATCH INFORMATION AND ADDITIONAL RESOURCES FOR TOP EXPLOITED VULNERABILITIES

CVE

Vendor

Affected Products and Versions

Patch Information

Resources

CVE-2017-0199

Microsoft

Multiple Products

Microsoft Office/WordPad Remote Code Execution Vulnerability w/Windows

 

CVE-2017-11882

Microsoft

Office, Multiple Versions

Microsoft Office Memory Corruption Vulnerability, CVE-2017-11882

 

CVE-2018-13379

Fortinet

FortiOS and FortiProxy 2.0.2, 2.0.1, 2.0.0, 1.2.8, 1.2.7, 1.2.6, 1.2.5, 1.2.4, 1.2.3, 1.2.2, 1.2.1, 1.2.0, 1.1.6

FortiProxy - system file leak through SSL VPN special crafted HTTP resource requests

Joint CSAs:

Iranian Government-Sponsored APT Cyber Actors Exploiting Microsoft Exchange and Fortinet Vulnerabilities in Furtherance of Malicious Activities

Russian State-Sponsored Cyber Actors Target Cleared Defense Contractor Networks to Obtain Sensitive U.S. Defense Information and Technology

APT Actors Chaining Vulnerabilities Against SLTT, Critical Infrastructure, and Elections Organizations

CVE-2019-11510

Ivanti

Pulse Secure Pulse Connect Secure versions, 9.0R1 to 9.0R3.3, 8.3R1 to 8.3R7, and 8.2R1 to 8.2R12

SA44101 - 2019-04: Out-of-Cycle Advisory: Multiple vulnerabilities resolved in Pulse Connect Secure / Pulse Policy Secure 9.0RX

CISA Alerts:

Continued Exploitation of Pulse Secure VPN Vulnerability

Chinese Ministry of State Security-Affiliated Cyber Threat Actor Activity

ACSC Advisory:

2019-129: Recommendations to mitigate vulnerability in Pulse Connect Secure VPN Software

Joint CSA:

APT Actors Chaining Vulnerabilities Against SLTT, Critical Infrastructure, and Elections Organizations

CCCS Alert:

APT Actors Target U.S. and Allied Networks - Update 1

CVE-2019-0708

Microsoft

Remote Desktop Services

Remote Desktop Services Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

 

CVE-2019-19781

Citrix

ADC and Gateway version 13.0 all supported builds before 13.0.47.24

NetScaler ADC and NetScaler Gateway, version 12.1 all supported builds before 12.1.55.18; version 12.0 all supported builds before 12.0.63.13; version 11.1 all supported builds before 11.1.63.15; version 10.5 all supported builds before 10.5.70.12

SD-WAN WANOP appliance models 4000-WO, 4100-WO, 5000-WO, and 5100-WO all supported software release builds before 10.2.6b and 11.0.3b

CVE-2019-19781 - Vulnerability in Citrix Application Delivery Controller, Citrix Gateway, and Citrix SD-WAN WANOP appliance

Joint CSAs:

APT Actors Chaining Vulnerabilities Against SLTT, Critical Infrastructure, and Elections Organizations

Chinese Ministry of State Security-Affiliated Cyber Threat Actor Activity

CCCS Alert:

Detecting Compromises relating to Citrix CVE-2019-19781

CVE-2020-5902

F5

BIG IP versions 15.1.0, 15.0.0 to 15.0.1, 14.1.0 to 14.1.2, 13.1.0 to 13.1.3, 12.1.0 to 12.1.5, and 11.6.1 to 11.6.5

K52145254: TMUI RCE vulnerability CVE-2020-5902

CISA Alert:

Threat Actor Exploitation of F5 BIG-IP CVE-2020-5902

CVE-2020-1472

Microsoft

Windows Server, Multiple Versions

Microsoft Security Update Guide: Netlogon Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability, CVE-2020-1472

ACSC Advisory:

2020-016: Netlogon Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability (CVE-2020-1472)

Joint CSA:

APT Actors Chaining Vulnerabilities Against SLTT, Critical Infrastructure, and Elections Organizations

CCCS Alert:

Microsoft Netlogon Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability - CVE-2020-1472 - Update 1

CVE-2020-14882

Oracle

WebLogic Server, versions 10.3.6.0.0, 12.1.3.0.0, 12.2.1.3.0, 12.2.1.4.0, 14.1.1.0.0

Oracle Critical Patch Update Advisory - October 2020

 

CVE-2020-14883

Oracle

WebLogic Server, versions 10.3.6.0.0, 12.1.3.0.0, 12.2.1.3.0, 12.2.1.4.0, 14.1.1.0.0

Oracle Critical Patch Update Advisory - October 2020

 

CVE-2021-20016

SonicWALL

SSLVPN SMA100, Build Version 10.x

Confirmed Zero-day vulnerability in the SonicWall SMA100 build version 10.x

 

CVE-2021-26855

Microsoft

Exchange Server, Multiple Versions

Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability, CVE-2021-26855

CISA Alert:

Mitigate Microsoft Exchange Server Vulnerabilities

CVE-2021-26857 Microsoft Exchange Server, Multiple Versions Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability, CVE-2021-26857

CVE-2021-26858

Microsoft

Exchange Server, Multiple Versions

Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability, CVE-2021-26858

CISA Alert:

Mitigate Microsoft Exchange Server Vulnerabilities

CVE-2021-27065

Microsoft

Multiple Products

Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability, CVE-2021-27065

CISA Alert:

Mitigate Microsoft Exchange Server Vulnerabilities

CVE-2021-20021

SonicWALL

Email Security version 10.0.9.x Email Security

SonicWall Email Security pre-authentication administrative account creation vulnerability

 

CVE-2021-31207

Microsoft

Exchange Server, Multiple Versions

Microsoft Exchange Server Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability, CVE-2021-31207

CISA Alert:

Urgent: Protect Against Active Exploitation of ProxyShell Vulnerabilities

ACSC Alert:

Microsoft Exchange ProxyShell Targeting in Australia

CVE-2022-26134

Atlassian

Confluence Server and Data Center, versions: 7.4.17, 7.13.7, 7.14.3, 7.15.2, 7.16.4, 7.17.4, 7.18.1

Confluence Security Advisory 2022-06-02

CISA Alert:

CISA Adds One Known Exploited Vulnerability (CVE-2022-26134) to Catalog

ACSC Alert:

Remote code execution vulnerability present in Atlassian Confluence Server and Data Center

CVE-2021-34473

Microsoft

Exchange Server, Multiple Version

Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability, CVE-2021-34473

Joint CSA:

Iranian Government-Sponsored APT Cyber Actors Exploiting Microsoft Exchange and Fortinet Vulnerabilities in Furtherance of Malicious Activities

CVE-2021-34523

Microsoft

Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Cumulative Update 23

Microsoft Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Updates 19 and 20

Microsoft Exchange Server 2019 Cumulative Updates 8 and 9

Microsoft Exchange Server Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability, CVE-2021-34523

CISA Alert:

Urgent: Protect Against Active Exploitation of ProxyShell Vulnerabilities

CVE-2021-26084

Jira Atlassian

Confluence Server and Data Center, versions 6.13.23, from version 6.14.0 before 7.4.11, from version 7.5.0 before 7.11.6, and from version 7.12.0 before 7.12.5.

Jira Atlassian: Confluence Server Webwork OGNL injection - CVE-2021-26084

CISA Alert:

Atlassian Releases Security Updates for Confluence Server and Data Center

CVE-2021-40539

Zoho ManageEngineCorp.

ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus builds up to 6113

Security advisory - ADSelfService Plus authentication bypass vulnerability

ACSC Alert:

Critical vulnerability in ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus exploited by cyber actors

CVE-2021-40438

Apache

HTTP Server 2.4.48

   

CVE-2021-41773

Apache

Apache HTTP Server 2.4.49

Apache HTTP Server 2.4 vulnerabilities

 

CVE-2021-42013

Apache

Apache HTTP Server 2.4.50

Apache HTTP Server 2.4 vulnerabilities

 

CVE-2021-20038

SonicWall

SMA 100 Series (SMA 200, 210, 400, 410, 500v), versions 10.2.0.8-37sv, 10.2.1.1-19sv, 10.2.1.2-24svSMA 100 series appliances

SonicWall patches multiple SMA100 affected vulnerabilities

ACSC Alert:

CCCS Alert:

SonicWall Security Advisory

CVE-2021- 44228

Apache

Log4j, all versions from 2.0-beta9 to 2.14.1

For other affected vendors and products, see CISA's GitHub repository.

Apache Log4j Security Vulnerabilities

 

For additional information, see joint CSA: Mitigating Log4Shell and Other Log4j-Related Vulnerabilities

CISA webpage:

Apache Log4j Vulnerability Guidance

CCCS Alert:

Active exploitation of Apache Log4j vulnerability - Update 7

ACSC Advisory:

2021-007: Log4j vulnerability – advice and mitigations

ACSC Publication:

Log4j: What Boards and Directors Need to Know

CVE-2021-45046

Apache

Log4j 2.15.0Log4j

Apache Log4j Security Vulnerabilities

 

CVE-2022-42475

Fortinet

FortiOS SSL-VPN 7.2.0 through 7.2.2, 7.0.0 through 7.0.8, 6.4.0 through 6.4.10, 6.2.0 through 6.2.11, 6.0.15 and earlier and

 

FortiProxy SSL-VPN 7.2.0 through 7.2.1, 7.0.7 and earlier

FortiOS - heap-based buffer overflow in sslvpnd

 

CVE-2022-24682

Zimbra

Zimbra Collaboration Suite 8.8.x before 8.8.15 patch 30 (update 1) Collaboration Suite

Zimbra Collaboration Joule 8.8.15 Patch 30 GA Release

 

CVE-2022-22536

SAP

NetWeaver Application Server ABAP, SAP NetWeaver Application Server Java, ABAP Platform, SAP Content Server 7.53, and SAP Web Dispatcher Internet Communication Manager (ICM)

Remediation of CVE-2022-22536 Request smuggling and request concatenation in SAP NetWeaver, SAP Content Server and SAP Web Dispatcher

CISA Alert:

Critical Vulnerabilities Affecting SAP Applications Employing Internet Communication Manager (ICM)

CVE-2022-22963

VMware Tanzumware Tanzu

Spring Cloud Function versions 3.1.6, 3.2.2, and older unsupported versions

CVE-2022-22963: Remote code execution in Spring Cloud Function by malicious Spring Expression

 

CVE-2022-22954

VMware

Workspace ONE Access, versions 21.08.0.1, 21.08.0.0, 20.10.0.1, 20.10.0.0

 

 

Identity Manager (vIDM) 3.3.6, 3.3.5, 3.3.4, 3.3.3

vRealize Automation (vIDM), 8.x, 7.6

VMware Cloud Foundation (vIDM), 4.x

 

vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager (vIDM), 8.xWorkspace

 

ONE Access and Identity Manager

VMware Advisory VMSA-2022-0011

 

CVE-2022-22960

VMware

Workspace ONE Access, versions 21.08.0.1, 21.08.0.0, 20.10.0.1, 20.10.0.0

Identity Manager (vIDM) and vRealize Automation3.3.6, 3.3.5, 3.3.4, 3.3.3

 

vRealize Automation (vIDM), 8.x, 7.6

 

VMware Cloud Foundation (vIDM), 4.x

 

VMware Cloud Foundation (vRA), 3.x

 

vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager (vIDM), 8.x

VMSA-2022-0011

 

CVE-2022-29464

AtlassianWSO2

WSO2 API Manager 2.2.0 and above through 4.0.0

 

WSO2 Identity Server 5.2.0 and above through 5.11.0 

 

WSO2 Identity Server Analytics 5.4.0, 5.4.1, 5.5.0, and 5.6.0

 

WSO2 Identity Server as Key Manager 5.3.0 and above through 5.10.0

 

 WSO2 Enterprise Integrator 6.2.0 and above through 6.6.0

WSO2 Documentation - Spaces

 

CVE-2022-27924

Zimbra

Zimbra Collaboration Suite, 8.8.15 and 9.0

Zimbra Collaboration Kepler 9.0.0 Patch 24.1 GA Release

 

CVE-2022-1388

F5 Networks

F5 BIG-IP 16.1.x versions prior to 16.1.2.2, 15.1.x versions prior to 15.1.5.1, 14.1.x versions prior to 14.1.4.6, 13.1.x versions prior to 13.1.5, and All 12.1.x and 11.6.x versions

K23605346: BIG-IP iControl REST vulnerability CVE-2022-1388

Joint CSA:

Threat Actors Exploiting F5 BIG-IP CVE-2022-1388

CVE-2022-30190

Microsoft

Exchange Server, Multiple Versions

 

CISA Alert:

Microsoft Releases Workaround Guidance for MSDT "Follina" Vulnerability

CVE-2022-22047

Microsoft

Multiple Products

Windows Client Server Run-time Subsystem (CSRSS) Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability, CVE-2022-22047

 

CVE-2022-27593

QNAP

Certain QNAP NAS running Photo Station with internet exposure Ausustor Network Attached Storage

DeadBolt Ransomware

 

CVE-2022-41082

Microsoft

Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Update 23, 2019 Cumulative Update 12, 2019 Cumulative Update 11, 2016 Cumulative Update 22, and 2013 Cumulative Update 23

Microsoft Exchange Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability, CVE-2022-41082

ACSC Alert:

Vulnerability Alert – 2 new Vulnerabilities associated with Microsoft Exchange.

CVE-2022-40684

Fortinet

FortiOS version 7.2.0 through 7.2.1 and 7.0.0 through 7.0.6, FortiProxy version 7.2.0 and version 7.0.0 through 7.0.6 and FortiSwitchManager version 7.2.0 and 7.0.0

FortiOS / FortiProxy / FortiSwitchManager - Authentication bypass on administrative interface

 
...



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