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MMD-0026-2014 - Router Malware Warning | Reversing an ARM arch ELF AES.DDoS (China malware)

RSS Kategorie Pfeil Malware / Trojaner / Viren vom | Quelle: blog.malwaremustdie.org Direktlink öffnen

Sticky notes, the latest infection report is below tweet:

#ELF AES.DDoS (http://t.co/y0D7YwPaD4) #malware hits MIPS/ARM routers. Some AV had bad sigs. http://t.co/TMdxaEDiNh pic.twitter.com/5eaSKJmMZU

— ☩MalwareMustDie, NPO (@MalwareMustDie) July 2, 2015

The background

It is one of our active project to monitor the China origin ELF DDoS'er malware threat. The growth is very rapid nowadays, MMD detected 5 variants is active under almost 15 panels scattered in China network. I am quite active in supporting the team members of this project, so recently almost everyday I reverse ELF files between 5-10 binaries. They are not aiming servers with x32 or x64 architecture but the router devices that runs on Linux too. In some cases I found the FreeBSD variant.

In this story I faced an ARM architecture binary, which I found it interesting so I decided to share it here. The reason is because, practically: it was designed to work in ARM router with minimizing a well-known Linux malware with DDoS functions/features, that I also previously posted some in here --->[-1-] [-2-] [-3-] [-4-] [-5-] [-6-], to specifically infect ARM (router) devices, and this binary is trying to convince that it is a WindowsHelp binary :D , and ,specifically: from my reverse engineering point of view, ARM & "thumb" assembly are interesting.
Why I know it is aiming for router is because, the way to use internet to connect directly to remote global IP, the method used to grab data using specific location in the embedded device, and the trace of sources used during the compilation of the malware itself.

The malware

As usual, China actor(s) serves their malware binary under "specific panel", and this binary is spotted among with other Linux/Elknots malware. So as you can see it was served from Sept 10th and is having 4 downloads (including me, one time)

The file looks like this:

$ ls -alF 1
-rwxr--r-- 1 mmd mmd 165,176 Sep 10 10:21 1
$ md5 1
MD5 (1) = 0bb68bd65d94f61b7b20117b99d8526c
$ file 1
1: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, ARM, version 1 (GNU/Linux), statically linked, stripped

Well, we know is an ARM binary, but I need more information, so I check the ELF composition:

  Entry point address:  "0x2f118"
Start of program headers: "52" (bytes into file)
Start of section headers: "0" (bytes into file)
Flags: "0x4000002", has entry point, "Version4 EABI"
Size of this header: "52" (bytes)
Size of program headers: "32" (bytes)
Number of program headers: "2"
Size of section headers: "40" (bytes)
Number of section headers: "0"
Section header string table index: "0"

Program Headers:
Type Offset VirtAddr PhysAddr FileSiz MemSiz Flg Align
LOAD "0x000000 0x00008000 0x00008000 0x282b1 0x282b1 R E 0x8000"
LOAD "0x000c24 0x000d0c24 0x000d0c24 0x00000 0x00000 RW 0x8000"
Now it's time for calculating the data, we know the size and we see the each LOAD headers size which is just unfit, further, I don't see any section (either dynamic or static) nor relocation data that I can expect from an ARM ELF (they should have more symbols), which is strange. This a sign of protection, someone want to hide something, in the end that person is hiding EVERYTHING which ending up to be very suspicious :-) - So the binary could be packed or encrypted protection, we have many possibility.

Further details of this family of ELF malware we posted regularly in here:-->[link]

Packer

Let's check, I went to the EP point (0x2f118) and start to do the stuff I usually do, with noted..we have to be very patient with the ARM or THUMB assembly since they have larger steps for simple operation than Intel processor.

;-- entry0:
0x0002f118 adr r12, off_2f104
0x0002f11c ldmia r12, {r1,r2,r10,r11,lr}
0x0002f120 add r10, r10, r12
0x0002f124 add r11, r11, r12
0x0002f128 mov r0, r2
0x0002f12c sub r9, r12, r1
0x0002f130 add r1, r1, #0x1000
0x0002f134 mov r3, #0
0x0002f138 stmfd sp!, {r0-r3,lr}
0x0002f13c mov r2, #7
0x0002f140 ldr r3, [r12,#0x10]
0x0002f144 mov r5, #0
0x0002f148 mov r4, 0xffffffff
0x0002f14c orr r3, r3, #0x10
0x0002f150 mov r7, #0xc0
0x0002f154 svc 0
0x0002f158 cmn r0, #0x1000
0x0002f15c bcs loc_0x02fbd0
[...]
..following the registers value and in r1 we will find the value that can tell what is happening:
0x0002fbd0  mov  r2, #0x1e
0x0002fbd4 adr r1, aprot_execprot_ ; ""PROT_EXEC|PROT_WRITE failed.\n""
0x0002fbd8 mov r0, #2
0x0002fbdc mov r7, #4
0x0002fbe0 svc 0
This value may ring your bells too :). ok this ELF is protected, with/for what? I look from its DCB data from where it was called and clarifying the answer:
0x0002FBF0 aProt_execProt_ DCB "PROT_EXEC|PROT_WRITE failed.",0xA,0
0x0002FC0E DCB 0xA,0
0x0002FC10 aInfoThisFileIs DCB 0x24,"Info: This file is packed with the UPX executable packer http:/"
0x0002FC10 DCB "/upx.sf.net ",0x24,0xA,0
0x0002FC5F aIdUpx3_91Copyr DCB 0x24,"Id: UPX 3.91 Copyright (C) 1996-2013 the UPX Team. All Rights R"
0x0002FC5F DCB "eserved. ",0x24,0xA,0
0x0002FCAB DCB 0x0 ;; here goes the table..
0x0002FCAC DCD 0x9A8, 0x5F9, 0x500E, 0x6C00031A, 0x942C5302, 0x18D063CB
0x0002FCAC DCD 0x49382EE, 0xD185E779, 0x57399E2E, 0xD24C892F, 0x1003EA02
0x0002FCAC DCD 0x6A5A70C9, 0x2F701D6A, 0x6D0D9A7, 0xD2EC6754, 0x95ECE49
[...] [...]
Oh, silly me.. it is a UPX, but, is it common and not modded one? So I went back to check the hex snapshot, to confirm..
00000000  7f 45 4c 46 01 01 01 03  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |.ELF............|
00000010 02 00 28 00 01 00 00 00 18 f1 02 00 34 00 00 00 |..(.........4...|
00000020 00 00 00 00 02 00 00 04 34 00 20 00 02 00 28 00 |........4.(.|
00000030 00 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 80 00 00 |................|
00000040 00 80 00 00 b1 82 02 00 b1 82 02 00 05 00 00 00 |................|
00000050 00 80 00 00 01 00 00 00 24 0c 00 00 24 0c 0d 00 |........$...$...|
00000060 24 0c 0d 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 00 00 00 |$...............|
00000070 00 80 00 00 93 cc 51 fc 55 50 58 21 b4 11 0d 17 |......Q.UPX!....|
00000080 00 00 00 00 58 64 08 00 58 64 08 00 d4 00 00 00 |....Xd..Xd......|
Since I know that some malware actors is really (enjoying to ) watch this blog too (smile). I don't want to be specific on this, but from reading the hex above we can recognize the originality of this UPX, which it is. Otherwise you have patch it to depack, sample a way to depack the custom UPX is in here-->[LINK]. Further.. as this is the common UPX, and the "U" stands for universal & we can do "universal" solution too to unpack :)
 549976 So now we have the bigger file size :D
This time let's check the composition again:

00000000 7f 45 4c 46 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 |.ELF............|
00000010 02 00 28 00 01 00 00 00 10 81 00 00 34 00 00 00 |..(.........4...|
00000020 f8 5f 08 00 02 00 00 04 34 00 20 00 05 00 28 00 |._......4.(.|
00000030 1c 00 1b 00 01 00 00 70 5c bb 07 00 5c 3b 08 00 |.......p\...\;..|
00000040 5c 3b 08 00 00 09 00 00 00 09 00 00 04 00 00 00 |\;..............|
00000050 04 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 80 00 00 |................|
00000060 00 80 00 00 dc c4 07 00 dc c4 07 00 05 00 00 00 |................|
00000070 00 80 00 00 01 00 00 00 dc c4 07 00 dc c4 08 00 |................|
00000080 dc c4 08 00 4c 0a 00 00 48 47 04 00 06 00 00 00 |....L...HG......|
00000090 00 80 00 00 04 00 00 00 d4 00 00 00 d4 80 00 00 |................|
000000a0 d4 80 00 00 20 00 00 00 20 00 00 00 04 00 00 00 |........|
000000b0 04 00 00 00 07 00 00 00 dc c4 07 00 dc c4 08 00 |................|
000000c0 dc c4 08 00 14 00 00 00 30 00 00 00 04 00 00 00 |........0.......|
000000d0 04 00 00 00 04 00 00 00 10 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 |................|
000000e0 47 4e 55 00 00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 06 00 00 00 |GNU.............|
Yeah, the "GNU" ascii appears now. And, see more details below:
 Entry point address: "0x8110"
Start of program headers: "52" (bytes into file)
Start of section headers: "548,856" (bytes into file)
Flags: "0x4000002", has entry point, "Version4 EABI"
Size of this header: "52" (bytes)
Size of program headers: "32" (bytes)
Number of program headers: "5"
Size of section headers: "40" (bytes)
Number of section headers: "28"
Section header string table index: "27"
Good! the true EP is shown now. And we have the new program headers too:
  Type     Offset   VirtAddr   PhysAddr   FileSiz MemSiz  Flg Align
EXIDX "0x07bb5c 0x00083b5c 0x00083b5c 0x00900 0x00900" R 0x4
LOAD "0x000000 0x00008000 0x00008000 0x7c4dc 0x7c4dc" R E 0x8000
LOAD "0x07c4dc 0x0008c4dc 0x0008c4dc 0x00a4c 0x44748" RW 0x8000
NOTE "0x0000d4 0x000080d4 0x000080d4 0x00020 0x00020" R 0x4
TLS "0x07c4dc 0x0008c4dc 0x0008c4dc 0x00014 0x00030" R 0x4
A quick calculation of the size above shows that at least we have accuracy to more than 80% to the actual size now, good enough. It showed we have unprotected/unpacked data and so I can expect good material to disassembly it, but firstly, let's dump the sections to be sure that we have no more encryption/protection:
.note.ABI-tag 
.init
.fini
.init_array
.fini_array
__libc_freeres_fn
__libc_thread_freeres_fn
__libc_freeres_ptrs
__libc_subfreeres
__libc_atexit
__libc_thread_subfreeres
.text
.rodata
.ARM.extab
.ARM.exidx
.ARM.attributes
.eh_frame
.jcr
.data.rel.ro
.got
.data
.bss
.note.ABI-tag
.tdata
.tbss
After comparing some ELF reference for ARM to make sure we have the proper heades, I found that all headers are there!)) Good. Since I happened to reverse a lot of same malware I can guess the sections that contains the good data, these are the section I picked to start analysis:
Name               Addr     Off    Size
-------------------------------------------
.text 0x08110 0x00110 0x6605c
.rodata 0x6f008 0x67008 0x149a0
__libc_freeres_fn 0x6e16c 0x6616c 0x00df4
.text is a must in ELF since all of code logic goes here, and .rodata mostly contains the database of symbols (and sometimes .data too..depends on the coder). You can go to other section like .bss/.tbss for more symbol reference, but for me I'll pick __libc_freeres_fn since it is typical for this case.

To verdict its malicious process by reverse engineering

I will go to the reversing highlights, meanings..the most important process only. I don't write the sub functions, i.e. how it grabs the ethernet data, or how this malware use socket to connect an IP, for example, since the code is too long. But to be noted, since ARM architecture has different structure than Intel, and ARM is designed for the embedded systems, you will see many different method for the detail operation that is involving with the system calls.
OK, here are the highlights that I would like to cover;

1. Installation:

Malware changes attribute & chmod the crontab, this is a bit specific setup that rarely found in the previous types, suggesting a new built, previously most of them are aiming autostart at the xinetd for autostart installation.

.text:0x0A760  STMFD   SP!, {R4-R8,LR}
.text:0x0A764 SUB SP, SP, #0x208
.text:0x0A768 ADD R7, SP, #0x108
.text:0x0A76C MOV R4, R0
.text:0x0A770 MOV R8, R1
.text:0x0A774 MOV R0, R7
.text:0x0A778 MOV R1, #0x100
.text:0x0A77C BL sub_0x026FB0
.text:0x0A780 LDR R0, .text:0x0A784 BL sub_0x0E3E0
.text:0x0A788 LDR R0,
Adding the autostart entry in it:
.text:0x0A7DC ; xref: sub_0x0A760
.text:0x0A7DC LDR R1, .text:0x0A7E0 MOV R2, R5
.text:0x0A7E4 MOV R0, R6
:
.text:0x0A800 LDR R1, > /etc/crontab"
.text:0x0A804 STR R8, [SP,#0x108+var_108]
.text:0x0A808 BL sub_0x0182DC
.text:0x0A80C MOV R0, R6
.text:0x0A810 BL sub_0x0E3E0
Create the file: "/etc/.mysys", which later on found as the self copy attempt.
.text:0x0A83C  STR  LR, [SP,#var_4]!
.text:0x0A840 MOV R1, #0x42
.text:0x0A844 SUB SP, SP, #4
.text:0x0A848 LDR R0, .text:0x0A84C BL sub_0x0E350
.text:0x0A850 CMP R0, #0
.text:0x0A854 MOV R1, #6
.text:0x0A858 BGT loc_0x0A86C

2. Initiation of the service... which lead to CNC information :-)

We'll see 3 thread will be spawned, which using "/dev/null" as value, this is typical MO for most types of AES.DDoS'ers we saw.

.text:0x082E0  LDR  R0, .text:0x082E4  BL   sub_0x0E350 ; 
.text:0x082E8 MOV R1, #2
.text:0x082EC LDR R0, .text:0x082F0 BL sub_0x0E350
.text:0x082F4 MOV R1, #2
.text:0x082F8 LDR R0, .text:0x082FC BL sub_0x0E350
..following with "effortS" to start the service:
.text:0x0831C  LDR  R0, [R5]
.text:0x08320 LDR R1, .text:0x08324 BL sub_0x0A760
.text:0x08328 MOV R0, #1
.text:0x0832C MOV R1, R0
.text:0x08330 BL sub_0x01614C
.text:0x08334 LDR R0, .text:0x08338 BL sub_0x018F2C
.text:0x0833C MOV R1, R4
.text:0x08340 MOV R3, R4
.text:0x08344 LDR R2, =sub_0x08A60
.text:0x08348 LDR R0, =unk_0x0D0990
.text:0x0834C BL sub_0x0B33C
.text:0x08350 MOV R1, R4
.text:0x08354 MOV R3, R4
.text:0x08358 LDR R2, =sub_0x088D8
.text:0x0835C LDR R0, =unk_0x0D0988
.text:0x08360 BL sub_0x0B33C
.text:0x08364 MOV R1, R4
.text:0x08368 MOV R3, R4
.text:0x0836C LDR R2, =sub_0x08598
.text:0x08370 LDR R0, =unk_0x09097C
.text:0x08374 BL sub_0x0B33C
.text:0x08378 MOV R1, R4
.text:0x0837C MOV R3, R4
To connect to "something". I trailed it to get all variables needed:
.text:0x08394  LDR  R0, .text:0x08398  BL   sub_0x018F2C
.text:0x0839C MOV R1, #0
.text:0x083A0 MOV R3, R1
.text:0x083A4 LDR R2, =sub_0x0A038 [...]
.text:0x0A038 STMFD SP!, {R4-R10,LR}
.text:0x0A03C SUB SP, SP, #0x9C0
.text:0x0A040 BL sub_0x09E68
And the destination 0x09E68 there is the IP address of this connection.
.text:0x09E68 LDR  R0, =unk_0x08C5C4  .text:0x09E68 
Now we know the CNC is in 182.254.180.241 which is in:
ASN: 45090 / CNNIC-TENCENT-NET
PREFIX: 182.254.180.0/23
ISP: COMSENZ TECHNOLOGY LTD
COUNTRY: CHINA
..well, I am not surprised.

3. An effort to fake Windows Help (WinHelp.exe) service :)

Continuing the data flow started above, I end-up facing an interesting data:

   :
.text:0x09E68 LDR R0, =unk_0x08C5C4
.text:0x09E6C STMFD SP!, {R4-R8,R10,LR}
.text:0x09E70 LDR R2, [R0,#(dword_0x08C62C - 0x08C5C4)]
The data after dword in .data:0x08C62C is the .data:0x08C630 (DCB) which is "WinHelp32.exe", see it here if you don't believe me:

This is just unbelievable, seeking further to figure what is this, I found the complete set of data for this "fake process" which is a self explanatory:

I don't know what to say about this..

4. PoC of backdoor and sending sensitive data to remote host:

It's self explanatory in the codes below, the BackConnect part:

.text:0x08420  ; .text:off_0x08408
.text:0x08420 STMFD SP!, {R4,LR}
.text:0x08424 LDR R4, =dword_0x0D0984
.text:0x08428
.text:0x08428 ; xref: sub_0x08420
.text:0x08428 LDR R0, .text:0x0842C BL sub_0x018F2C
.text:0x08430 MOV R1, #0
.text:0x08434 MOV R3, R1
.text:0x08438 LDR R2, =sub_0x099E0
.text:0x0843C LDR R0, =dword_0x0D0984
.text:0x08440 BL sub_0x0B33C
.text:0x08444 MOV R1, #0
.text:0x08448 LDR R0, [R4]
.text:0x0844C BL sub_0x0C4FC
.text:0x08450 LDR R0, [R4]
.text:0x08454 BL sub_0x0E070
.text:0x08458 LDR R0, =0x4C4B40
.text:0x0845C BL sub_0x0272F0
.text:0x08460 B loc_0x08428
And the trace of information to be sent to remote:
.text:0x08500  STMFD   SP!, {R4,R5,LR}
.text:0x08504 LDR R1, =dword_0x090980
.text:0x08508 SUB SP, SP, #0x400
.text:0x0850C SUB SP, SP, #0xC
.text:0x08510 LDR R2, =dword_0x090978
.text:0x08514 LDR R12, [R1]
.text:0x08518 ADD R4, SP, #0x418+var_410
.text:0x0851C LDR R3, [R2]
.text:0x08520 MOV R1, #0x400
.text:0x08524 LDR R2 .text:0x08528 MOV R0, R4
.text:0x0852C STR R12, [SP,#0x418+var_418]
.text:0x08530 BL sub_0x0182B0
.text:0x08534 LDR R3, =dword_0x08CF44
.text:0x08538 MOV R0, R4
.text:0x0853C LDR R5, [R3]
.text:0x08540 BL sub_0x024540
.text:0x08544 MOV R1, R4
.text:0x08548 ADD R2, R0, #1
.text:0x0854C MOV R0, R5
.text:0x08550 BL sub_0x0DF10
.text:0x08554 LDR R3, =dword_0x08CF48
.text:0x08558 MOV R0, R4
.text:0x0855C LDR R5, [R3]
.text:0x08560 BL sub_0x024540
.text:0x08564 MOV R1, R4
.text:0x08568 ADD R2, R0, #1
.text:0x0856C MOV R0, R5
.text:0x08570 BL sub_0x0DF10
.text:0x08574 ADD SP, SP, #0xC
.text:0x08578 ADD SP, SP, #0x400
.text:0x0857C LDMFD SP!, {R4,R5,LR}
.text:0x08580 BX LR

5. The HTTP header used for DoS activity:

This is the function to be called when performing DoS by HTTP, I pasted it here as PoC of DDoS'er, please bear the length:

.text:0x0A548  LDR  R1 .text:0x0A54C  MOV  R2, #0xB
.text:0x0A550 ADD R0, R8, R5
.text:0x0A554 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A558 ADD R0, R5, #0xB
.text:0x0A55C LDR R1 .text:0x0A560 MOV R2, #0x2F
.text:0x0A564 ADD R0, R8, R0
.text:0x0A568 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A56C ADD R0, R5, #0x3A
.text:0x0A570 LDR R1 "↑please noted this CHINESE character encoding↑"
.text:0x0A574 MOV R2, #0x18
.text:0x0A578 ADD R0, R8, R0
.text:0x0A57C BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A580 ADD R0, R5, #0x52
.text:0x0A584 LDR R1 .text:0x0A588 MOV R2, #0x55
.text:0x0A58C ADD R0, R8, R0
.text:0x0A590 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A594 ADD R0, R5, #0xA7
.text:0x0A598 LDR R1 .text:0x0A59C MOV R2, #0x20
.text:0x0A5A0 ADD R0, R8, R0
.text:0x0A5A4 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A5A8 ADD R0, R5, #0xC7
.text:0x0A5AC LDR R1 .text:0x0A5B0 MOV R2, #6
.text:0x0A5B4 ADD R0, R8, R0
.text:0x0A5B8 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A5BC MOV R0, R9
.text:0x0A5C0 BL sub_0x024540
.text:0x0A5C4 ADD R5, R5, #0xCD
.text:0x0A5C8 ADD R4, R8, R5
.text:0x0A5CC MOV R2, R0
.text:0x0A5D0 MOV R1, R9
.text:0x0A5D4 MOV R0, R4
.text:0x0A5D8 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A5DC MOV R0, R9
.text:0x0A5E0 BL sub_0x024540
.text:0x0A5E4 ADD R5, R5, R0
.text:0x0A5E8 LDR R1 .text:0x0A5EC MOV R2, #0x1A
.text:0x0A5F0 ADD R0, R8, R5
.text:0x0A5F4 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A5F8 ADD R0, R5, #0x1A
.text:0x0A5FC MOV R2, #0x14
.text:0x0A600 LDR R1 .text:0x0A604 ADD R0, R8, R0
.text:0x0A608 BL sub_0x0252B8
.text:0x0A60C MOV R1, #1
.text:0x0A610 MOV R0, #0xD
.text:0x0A614 BL sub_0x01614C
.text:0x0A618 MOV R0, R10
.text:0x0A61C MOV R1, R8
.text:0x0A620 ADD R2, R5, #0x2E
.text:0x0A624 MOV R3, #0
.text:0x0A628 BL sub_0x0E1D0
: ;
.text:0x0A674 LDR R1 .text:0x0A678 MOV R2, #4
.text:0x0A67C MOV R0, R8
.text:0x0A680 BL sub_0x0252B8

Detection ratio & sample

The detection ratio is very low, like..ZERO. Here's the evidence, please click to enlarge the image:

The VirusTotal's link is here-->[LINK]

This post is one of proof of concept that routers is actually aimed by the malware actors for one of some reasons, and the main purpose is because they are widely used all over the internet with having the global IP address, and also up and alive 364/7/24. For the crooks who are behind the malware describes in this case, owning many routers means having power of an "army of DoS bots" than can be powerful tool for an attack. We saw not only ARM architecture, but MIPS, PPC, MIPSEL, SuperH(SH) binaries are also spotted in the wild.

I am adding these project's sample in kernel mode, Will add the link shortly in here, please stay tune, I must clean up all of the garbage I made first. This is the link-->[HERE]

Conclusion & additional notes

It is up to you to defend your own router. As you can see no AV can detect these malware, it's over a week being there now. Please check your router user interface, make sure you are using the latest updates/firmware and make sure that your setting is correct and unchanged. Being skeptical during checking your router/gateway layer is very recommendable, and if you find anything unusual/suspicious please analyze it WHY and try not to let it go until you find a satisfactory answer for it. If you find it work and having no problem, backup the setting and save it right away.

#Linux/AES.DDoS is having variant that is NOT using "http://t.co/n8RjVMx9lq" so please be noted NOT to put those as equals. #ELF #Malware

— Hendrik Adrian (@unixfreaxjp) January 17, 2015

The Intel x32 edition of this variant just was just spotted, analysis is here-->[LINK] The router version of ELF DDoS + backdoor malware is also spotted in the MIPS architercture, analysis is here-->[HERE] and in here-->[HERE]. The older version of the ARM ELF DDoS'er malware spotted is also available here-->[HERE].
The below tweet is the PoC that even PPC architecture is also aimed by DDoS'er malware too now (different actor & using "Tsunami" malware)

Another #PoC that router is aimed by #malware crooks nowadays: https://t.co/G56tofmX3v < #ELF #PPC Tsunami/Kaiten IRC/#DDoS #MalwareMustDie

— MalwareMustDie, NPO (@MalwareMustDie) September 16, 2014
This is a warning of the true fact & evidence that the recent ELF malware coders are not only aiming x32 or x64 servers anymore, but routers too.

Why SOHO routers are aimed for malware infection?

The excellent research conducted by ISE (independent security firm in Baltimore, Maryland) explained in their publishment here--[LINK], that:
"..discovered critical security vulnerabilities in numerous small office/home office (SOHO) routers and wireless access points. These vulnerabilities allow a remote attacker to take full control of the router's configuration settings; some allow a local attacker to bypass authentication directly and take control. "

As an illustration, ISE shows a matrix of vulnerability vectors for the evaluated known routers:

This shows us there is a weak security vector is aimed in SOHO router layer, and most of the houses & SOHO business are connected in the internet through these xDSL routers. We can not under-estimated the current volume of these routers, being up and alive in internet now. Maybe there's only a low percentage of alive routers are having the vulnerabilities mentioned, but please imagine how powerful a DDoS attack will be if a bad actor is successfully gaining access to control, say, 1% of overall alive xDSL SOHO routers. And please think what if your house or office routers are unknowingly participated into a DDoS or other attacks against a certain banks or a specific country in the world?

Additional: China ELF CNC & Web Panels Takedown

Among of the attackers we detected so far, China's bad actors are the most aggressive one. If the bad actors in China think that MMD won't do anything about their evil action, they can start to cry now, we tango'ed 25 29 ELF malware download panels panels (the counting is still rolling) as per announced below:

#MalwareMustDie! Tango down report of OP #China #ELF #DDoS'er #malware http://t.co/n2gKTXSDDh ←25 panels taken down pic.twitter.com/nOaRSwSYYB

— MalwareMustDie, NPO (@MalwareMustDie) September 14, 2014

Stay safe, friends! #MalwareMustDie!

...

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